The Dutch are proud that “God created the world, but Netherlands created the Netherlands country”.
The Netherlands is known as the country is low compared to sea level. Most depressions below sea level to 6, 74 m is a small town in the city of Rotterdam.
The English name for himself of this country “The Netherlands” well meaning “lowlands”. The statistics also showed that 2/3 of the country’s area is located in the area flooded in when the population density in the eastern most island group.
This trait has repeatedly led the Netherlands experienced the disaster. The peak is in February 1953, the tide rises due to the effects of a storm that destroyed almost completely the southern coastal region.
More than 200,000 hectares of farmland flooded, 1,835 people drowned. Also from this disaster has exposed the biggest weakness in the system works against the Sea Defense of the Netherlands.
Therefore, the Government of the Netherlands was immediately established the Committee to fix Delta, execution protection works against the sea.
Wonders of the sea dike
After a period of fieldwork, this water basin Committee has a plan of building works with the great scale and stature. It is the system of seawall construction of sea embankment, manhole, and the door sure flooding in southwestern areas.
A total of 65 cast concrete Jetty along 62 giant steel Gates hang between the mobile part with total length 6, 8 km.
Get to know the door wide, 40 m and 5 m-thick valve varies according to the elevation from 6 m to 12 m depending on their placement in the dam. The biggest valves located in the deepest part of the basin, weigh up to 480 tonnes of takes new hours open or close the valve.
This works was built during more than half a century to protect the vast land area in the Delta before the attack of sea water. It is also noted as the only protective system against the waves turned the world of its kind.
Even, along with the pyramids in Egypt, the tunnel through the English channel, the Panama Canal, the Colosseum … The sea Dyke system in the Netherlands was the architect of the world voted one of the 10 greatest works on the planet.
Today, thanks to modern technology, the Netherlands also created the dams to prevent flood efficiency but still ensure trade waterway.
Or more recently, Dutch experts are researching and implementing the project to build the system “smart Jetty” by integrating technology to monitor the levees, dams intended to give early warning about the risk of devastating sea level due to climate change.
According to which the experts and the Netherlands irrigation scientists are testing the chip attached to the body of levees, dams aimed at early detection and warning of tsunamis and sea-level rise.
Finally, in the worst case, i.e. sea level rise too fast, broken water pump system, with the terrain of the Netherlands, within a week, the whole territory of the Netherlands will sink in water. Therefore, the people of the Netherlands have very high awareness to the dangers always this underlying.
Children in the Netherlands are learning to swim and to take “by swimming,” we must undergo the test bicycle within 30 minutes, identify an underwater obstructions, then swim 100 m.
Windmills-saviour of the country Netherlands
No coincidence windmills became a symbol of the country of the Netherlands. As if from the 10th century, the Netherlands was thinking hydro treatment by dykes, the 400 years later, they realize the magic effects of windmills in the fight to win back ground.
Windmills appeared everywhere in the country the Netherlands. The presence of the windmills more dense in these areas.
Originally, windmills made of stone, then improved with lighter materials such as wood. The strong pole rotor, tens of metres of windmill power transfer of the large wooden wheel wheels wind up to pour water out of the river.
In addition the windmills were also built along the canals to increase drainage capacity.
Today, the Windmill has no longer played a major role in the process of draining of the Netherlands. People use diesel fuel pumps and electric pumps to push the water down to the downstream. However, the windmills will always be the pride and features can not deny the country the Netherlands.
In general because that coastal State, there are many areas below sea level and lower portions are often flooded should the Dutch became the head of the world’s experts on measures against the sea.
Now the whole world is admiring the country Netherlands with open space, flowers tuylíp, windmills and ancient villas side canals covered the lines around the country.
The Dutch are proud that “God created the world, but the Dutch created the Netherlands country”.
According to young intellectuals/CafeBiz offers